Refractive Surgery: Surgical Vision Correction

What is Refractive Surgery?

The goal of refractive surgery is to correct an existing refractive error of the eye by surgically alterating the refractive power of the cornea or lens...

Who is a Candidate for Refractive Surgery?

Conditions, indication and overview of procedures…

Course of Treatment

Pre-op consultation, the day of surgery, follow-up appointments...

Risks and Possible Complications

With today's procedures, the risk of serious complications can be considered extremely low. However, as with any medical procedure, complications can never be completely excluded...

Eye Laser Surgery

ReLEx smile LASIK

ReLEx is the latest form of LASIK, aiming at providing minimally invasive refractive correction with one single femtosecond laser system...

Femto-LASIK

The modern, bladeless femtosecond laser technology offers an alternative to the microkeratome in creating the corneal flap and therefore eliminating all mechanical instruments from the procedure.

LASIK

During LASIK surgery, a microkeratome is used to cut a corneal flap. After the inner corneal tissue is exposed by lifting the flap, the excimer laser ablates (burns off) small amounts of corneal tissue.

LASEK, Epi-LASIK, PRK

PRK is an early laser technique which ablates corneal tissue at the surface (without cutting a flap), after removing the epithelium. In the 90ies, LASEK and Epi-LASIK succeded the PRK.

Refractive Lens Surgery

Refractive Lens Exchange

This surgical method has been established decades ago (cataract surgery) and is the most performed surgery worldwide...

Lens Implants: Phakic Lenses

Artificial lenses which are implanted in addition to the natural lensto correct a higher or very high refractive error...

Intraocular Lenses: Types & Differences

From the first routinely used lens for cataract surgery up to state-of-the art premium lenses...

Presbyopia correction

Current Challenges

The challenge of surgical presbyopia correction lies in changing the refractive power of the eye when focusing close up without jeopardizing sharp distant vision. 

Multifocal Lenses

Multifocal lenses allow sharp close-up and distant vision... 

Add-on Lenses

These lense are implanted in addition to the natural or an artificial lens in order to correct presbyopia or a residual refractive error...

Monovision LASIK

Monovision LASIK is a special eye laser procedure that corrects one eye for distance and the other one for near vision...

PresbyLASIK

A special LASIK procedure in which several focal points are generated in the eye to enable sharp vision at different distances... 

Procedures In Development

New implants such as bifocal phakic lenses are currently being developed...

Other Procedures

Astigmatic Keratotomy

Used to correct higher astigmatisms...

ICRS, Intacs

ICRS are mainly used to stabilze the cornea in patients with keratoconus...

Bioptics

A combination of lens implant and eye laser procedure...

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